Window Rainbow Interviews
I am honoured and privileged that the following writers local, national and international have agreed to be interviewed by me. I gave the writers two options: an emailed list of questions or a more fluid interview via messenger.
The usual ground is covered about motivation, daily routines and work ethic, but some surprises too. Some of these poets you may know, others may be new to you. I hope you enjoy the experience as much as I do.
(http://sarah-james.co.uk) is a prize-winning poet, fiction writer, journalist and photographer. Author of seven poetry titles, two novellas and a touring poetry-play, she’s been published by the Guardian, Financial Times and in the Blackpool Illuminations. Sarah runs The Poetry Society’s Worcestershire Stanza and V. Press poetry and flash fiction imprint (http://vpresspoetry.blogspot.com/). 2018 books: Always Another Twist (Mantle Lane Press) and How to Grow Matches (Against The Grain Press).
Wombwell Rainbow Interviews
1. What inspired you to write poetry?
Feeling intense beauty and emotions with little time (because of work or my children) to really feel or write about them in anything but the briefest snatches.
“To write songs of flight in italics
against grey skies, and dig out
the worms that dirt hides. To carry dawn
home in my silky down, spread light
across fields and town, then balance
stillness in the winter’s stark trees.”
(From ‘Fierce Love’, The Magnetic Diaries, Knives Forks And Spoons Press, 2015, collection highly commended in the Forward Prizes)
2. Who introduced you to poetry?
My mum, church, school. Poetry of one sort or another, with or without the overt music of nursery rhymes or hymns, has always been all around me. William Blake’s work, especially ‘The Tyger’(https://www.poetryfoundation.org/poems/43687/the-tyger), resonates particularly strongly in my memory from childhood – finding its way out later in some of my poems.
“I am the tiger. Stripes alight, my bright
eyes burn two holes in the night as I blaze
fearful forests with my gaze; search my self
for the slightest trace of symmetry.”
(From ‘Welcome to the Zoo’, Into the Yell,(http://www.circaidygregory.co.uk/intotheyell.htm) Circaidy Gregory Press, 2010, third prize in International Rubery Book Awards 2011)
But I think I’ve also made a fair few references to T.S. Eliot’s poems too in my own work over the years, as well as many other writers.
3. How aware were you of the dominating presence of older poets?
I’m very aware of presence and influence – it’s there in everything I read (and all I experience). But I wouldn’t describe it as dominating. It’s just there, and it’s natural that it should be there. It can be indirectly useful to me, as in re-reading Ted Hughes’s ‘Thistles’ (https://www.faber.co.uk/blog/thistles/)many times while writing ‘Endurance’ for plenty-fish (Nine Arches Press, 2015), (http://ninearchespress.com/publications/poetry-collections/plenty-fish.html) where:
“Stubborn roots draw up strength
from the land’s glacial inheritance…”
Or it can be the spring-board for a more explicitly direct response, as in ‘From His Uncoy Mistress, 2016’, where:
“Your words rise up to meet me
at the most awkward times –
now poised on a crest of surf
ready to claim the perfect wave;
only my own body to hold in balance…”
(From ‘From his Uncoy Mistress, 2016, How to Grow Matches, Against The Grain Press, 2018, shortlisted in International Rubery Book Awards 2018)
These words referred to are actually the ex-lover’s in the narrative. But the poem itself is a response to Andrew Marvell’s ‘To His Coy Mistress’. Taken on their own, my first two lines above could also apply to the writing influence process. Personally, I tend to find others’ great writing mostly inspires me to try harder, craft better, strive for something differently striking. I guess one particularly slightly daunting figure for me though, as a woman who’s written a lot, but not exclusively, on themes of womanhood, depression and mental illness is Sylvia Plath. In this case, her presence is maybe a counter-force rather than my wanting to follow in her footsteps. Her writing is totally unique. I’d aspire to that level of uniqueness more than Plath’s style.
4. What is your daily writing routine?
I don’t have a strict routine as such. There’s always too much to do for the time available, so I have prioritising systems to ease both writing and general workflow. For example, I use personal, competition and submission deadlines to focus me and make me edit. I became a reviewer for Riggwelter to allow me to prioritise some reading above other jobs. I’ve also learned the hard way to listen to my own energy levels and fit different tasks to the right time/mood, rather than battle to get something done immediately when I’m in the wrong frame of mind. What takes five hours at the wrong time can take 5 minutes in the right headspace. This is particularly true for me on a long tiring day when going to bed is likely to mean I can power away first thing the next morning rather than try to get something finished that night, fail and then wake up still exhausted. One thing I have to have in my daily routine is exercise, preferably outdoors, to balance my energy levels, generate ‘feel-good’ hormones, get a sense of greater perspective and also so my subconscious can pace out editing problems in a way that keeps the words in rhythm. I guess this might all reduce down to a guiding writing mantra that’s somewhere between the following:
“With me, without me, the clock’s hands pierce crimson wormholes…”
(From ‘Blue’, Be[yond], Knives Forks And Spoons Press, 2013)
“Rain presses its rhythms into earth skin;
our heartbeats glisten.”
(From ‘Laptop TV’, Hearth, Mothers Milk Books, 2015)
5. What motivates you to write?
Intense beauty, emotion or wonder. Trying to understand or capture something important through snapshots in words, such as:
Raindrop on a Red Leaf
His hand cupping a spider, wrist trembling;
a thin branch in the wind,
or the lurch of lungs and stomach when a plane
takes off and the world sinks away,
or the first bead of bone clearly conceived
from that scan’s black smudge.
Suspension of time itself, the moment’s
gasp of skin and lips,
when the whole future balances
on the wet leaves of two tongues.”
(From plenty-fish, Nine Arches Press, 2015, shortlisted in International Rubery Book Awards 2016)
I guess also part of this may be trying to hold onto, or guard against forgetting, important moments in life.
“Ada thinks of Babcia and what it must be
to live with no past, just a flickering now
traced in fragments on an unstill surface.
“Even the things she’d will to forget
are part of her heart’s pulse.”
(Lampshades & Glass Rivers, part XIV, Loughborough University, 2016, Overton Poetry Prize Winner 2015)
The analogy of authors in some ways being like gods in terms of their creations is one that’s been used a lot. But I think authors’ power isn’t without a darker, more devilish, side (as suggested maybe by my quoted lines in answer to the second question above). Also, when I start a new piece of writing, I often feel the inspiration and characters are as much in control of me as vice versa. Control returns to my hands more in the editing stage.
6. What is your work ethic?
“I am the cochineal beetle who bleeds
ink willingly. I’d grind my own body
to find the answers; spell them out in red
while the cactus quill spears me as I write.”
(From ‘Welcome to the Zoo’, Into the Yell, Circaidy Gregory Press, 2010, third prize in International Rubery Book Awards 2011)
Work hard, then work harder? Try, try and try again? I’ve been diabetic from the age of 6, so I have a strong striving cycle built into me, with a need to prove something – that I’m not faulty despite the disability, that I won’t be stopped from doing things because of the diabetes… Of course, in reality, my life isn’t the same as someone without diabetes, never could be. But the same is true of lots of conditions and circumstances. Overall, I get satisfaction from a job well done, and I am someone who bores easily, so I like to always be doing something. I’ve learned with age that balance and down-time are an important part of work, both for recharging energy and also because some procrastination gives creativity space to happen, allowing ideas to arise from the subconscious. These days, I try to adapt ‘work hard’ to ‘work smart’, and then smarter!
7. How do the writers you read when you were young influence you today?
All of them. I think everything I’ve experienced is part of my life and part of me in some way. Traces of this thread through this interview. One author I’ve not mentioned and ought to in terms of my fiction is Jane Austen. As a child, I felt her novels were all very similar in terms of plot but I absolutely loved her free indirect speech style. Her influence is there in many of my third-person flashes, but also my two short companion novellas from Mantle Lane Press: Kaleidoscope (2017) and Always Another Twist (2018).
“Claire stares at her life – a painted brick box, 8ft by 10ft. It’s small but at least it means she can shut out the world, almost pretend she isn’t there. Instead, she’s on a palm-tree beach, the sun on her face, a cocktail in her hand, warmth beneath her bare feet. Or she’s staring out over a clam blue ocean: seals are soft, curved and shiny on the rocks, dolphins arc through the air, spray falls in rainbows. If she’s lucky, there’s a baby in her arms. And if she’s not? Well, she’s still somewhere else, anywhere but here…” (Kaleidoscope)
“Betrayal always has a name, Julie sees that now. This name as familiar as a best friend’s or partner’s. But, once betrayal has a name: Lucy, it also has a face that can be made to cry, a heart that will bleed.
“After discovering what her boss, Lucy, has been up to, Julie’s a cauldron of anger and frustration…” (Always Another Twist)
8. Who of today’s writers do you admire the most and why?
I tend to admire writing rather than writers, and I don’t hierarch them. I have eclectic reading tastes, so what I like and admire most differs a lot, depending on what reading or writing ‘zone’ I happen to be in at any given time. All my collections have poems written ‘after’ or referencing other writers – across a broad range including contemporary writers like Lyn Hejinian, to name just one. At the moment, I’m finding a lot of writing inspiration and admiration outdoors, in nature and from poets like Lorine Niedecker, Gillian Allnutt, Mark Goodwin…
after Lorine Niedecker
from marsh mud & Rock banks
That anon can
thru which cut
A rhythm river trimmed
silver fish & light slivers
(From plenty-fish, Nine Arches Press, 2015, shortlisted in International Rubery Book Awards 2016)
When I won second prize and a commended in the 2018 Hippocrates Prize for Poetry and Medicine, it was an even greater delight because Mark Doty and Carol Rumens were judges.
I was also very lucky to have Michael Symmons Roberts and Jean Sprackland as portfolio supervisors on my masters – amazing to get feedback and advice from two poets whose work I really admire.
Of course, for every writer I might mention here, there are x others I’d have unintentionally missed off. There’s a lot of great and inspiring poetry out there!
9. Why do you write?
Because I can’t not write. Writing doesn’t feel like a conscious choice, more something that’s part of me, so happens whether I want to do it or not. I love the creative and inspiration part of the process but editing is a mixture of delight (when the metalwork starts to gleam) and frustration (when it refuses to shine no matter how hard I polish). On top of language’s inexactness and the almost impossible act of balancing rhythm, sound, imagery, meaning (some compromise somewhere nearly always has to be made), being a published writer comes with other anxieties. These worries include how the work will be received, if my writing actually achieves anything, if I should be doing something more useful…to the point sometimes of:
“I’ve stopped writing poetry because…
my children have eaten all the pens,
the mouse won’t click right,
my smart screen has frozen,
and the keyboard ‘e’ keeeeeps sticking;”
Full poem on Amaryllis Poetry here.
Of course, this circles right back round to the start of my answer. Though I often feel like not writing, it’s so much part of me that however long this feeling may last, I’m more likely to end up writing about this feeling than actually definitively stop writing! And this is another of the infinite number of true answers I could give to this question – a desire to create something of beauty or meaning, even out of pain, maybe especially out of pain.
10. What would you say to someone who asked you “How do you become a writer?”
Make sure that you’ve got loads of mice and your children don’t eat pens! The problem with advice is that it’s often too generic, not individual. I’d say that for myself I didn’t become a writer, writing has always been in me. In terms of working as a writer or becoming published, there are lots of website, journals and books out there that might help (such as How to be a Poet, Nine Arches Press). I’d also suggest interacting with other readers and writers, find out what’s worked (and not worked) for them, then decide what might work for you.
11. Tell me about the writing projects you have on at the moment.
I’ve two potential poetry collections and two pamphlets that I keep tinkering with now and then but haven’t done anything with yet. I also have a memoir that was longlisted in the New Welsh Writing Awards, which I’m not sure where to go next with. A lot of my time is currently taken up running V. Press poetry and flash fiction imprint though, which means my personal slots of creativity are quite short, so more at the level of individual poems or flashes.
Another thing that I’ve become increasingly interested in in our highly social mediaed world is combining poetry and photography. Two of my own haiku-influenced ‘photo-poems’ can be found below. But I also recently started an online journal to open this up to other writers. In LitWorld2, I combine others’ short poems or 100-word flashes with my photos to create Pic Pocket a Poem or Snap Up a Flash images which can be used by the writer and are shared through Instagram and other social media, as well as on the journal.
Thank you, Paul, for such thought-provoking questions!
Thank you, Paul, for such thought-provoking